Critique of Pure Reason



Critique of Pure Reason Kritik Der Reinen Vernunft Riga J F Hartknoch, 1781 , 856 Pp 2nd B Ed 1787 A Edition Ak 4 5 252 B Edition Ak 3 2 552 Critique Of Pure Reason Translated By Norman Kemp Smith Macmillan 1929 Translated By Werner Pluhar Indianapolis Hackett 1996 Translated By Paul Guyer And Allen W Wood In Immanuel Kant, Critique Of Pure Reason, Edited By Paul Guyer And Allen W Wood Cambridge University Press, 1997 In The Current Easter Book Fair There Will Appear A Book Of Mine, Entitled Critique Of Pure Reason This Book Contains The Result Of All The Varied Investigations That Start From The Concepts We Debated Together Under The Heading Mundi Sensibilis And Mundi Intelligibilis Thus Begins Kant S Letter To Marcus Herz From 1 May 1781 Ak 10 266.Kant S Own Copy Of This Book Was Housed At The Staats Und Universit Tsbibliothek K Nigsberg, Before Being Lost In 1945 Fortunately Kant S Marginalia Had Already Been Printed At Ak 23 17 50, As Well As In Erdmann 1881 They Are Also Included In The Guyer Wood Translation.

Immanuel Kant was an 18th century philosopher from K nigsberg, Prussia now Kaliningrad, Russia He s regarded as one of the most influential thinkers of modern Europe of the late Enlightenment His most important work is The Critique of Pure Reason, an investigation of reason itself It encompasses an attack on traditional metaphysics epistemology, highlights his own contributi Immanuel Kant was an 18th century philosopher from K nigsberg, Prussia now Kaliningrad, Russia He s regarded as one of the most influential thinkers of modern Europe of the late Enlightenment His most important work is The Critique of Pure Reason, an investigation of reason itself It encompasses an attack on traditional metaphysics epistemology, highlights his own contribution to these areas Other main works of his maturity are The Critique of Practical Reason, which is about ethics, The Critique of Judgment, about esthetics teleology.Pursuing metaphysics involves asking questions about the ultimate nature of reality Kant suggested that metaphysics can be reformed thru epistemology He suggested that by understanding the sources limits of human knowledge we can ask fruitful metaphysical questions He asked if an object can be known to have certain properties prior to the experience of that object He concluded that all objects that the mind can think about must conform to its manner of thought Therefore if the mind can think only in terms of causality which he concluded that it does then we can know prior to experiencing them that all objects we experience must either be a cause or an effect However, it follows from this that it s possible that there are objects of such a nature that the mind cannot think of them, so the principle of causality, for instance, cannot be applied outside experience hence we cannot know, for example, whether the world always existed or if it had a cause So the grand questions of speculative metaphysics are off limits, but the sciences are firmly grounded in laws of the mind Kant believed himself to be creating a compromise between the empiricists the rationalists The empiricists believed that knowledge is acquired thru experience alone, but the rationalists maintained that such knowledge is open to Cartesian doubt and that reason alone provides us with knowledge Kant argues, however, that using reason without applying it to experience will only lead to illusions, while experience will be purely subjective without first being subsumed under pure reason Kant s thought was very influential in Germany during his lifetime, moving philosophy beyond the debate between the rationalists empiricists The philosophers Fichte, Schelling, Hegel and Schopenhauer saw themselves as correcting and expanding Kant s system, thus bringing about various forms of German Idealism Kant continues to be a major influence on philosophy to this day, influencing both Analytic and Continental philosophy

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  • 03 September 2019
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10 thoughts on “Critique of Pure Reason

  1. David says:

    Immanuel Kant is the kind of guy who not only sucks all of the joy out of life he takes great pleasure in opening the spigot of your happiness tank and watching it all spill out onto the burn out lawn and sink into the earth seeping toward the planet s molten, pitiless core and, thereupon, toward its irrevocable dissipation If he were alive today, I suggest to you that Kant s corporeal manifestation would be that of a paunchy, balding man, eternally sixty years old, who is often seen in his Immanuel Kant is the kind of guy who not only sucks all of the joy out of life he takes great pleasure in opening the spigot of your happiness tank and watching it all spill out onto the burn out lawn and sink into the earth seeping toward the planet s molten, pitiless core and, thereupon, toward its irrevocable dissipation If he were alive today, I suggest to you that Kant s corporeal manifestation would be that of a paunchy, balding man, eternally sixty years old, who is often seen in his yard, cleaning out his gutters or basement wells or tending his garden joylessly He s perhaps wearing a modified pith helmet and too tight khaki shorts which reveal the topography of his bunchy twill underpants as he crouches to slake the thirst of his prized marigolds Of course, his plastic eyeglass frames are a mottled brown no, not tortoise shell, but a harsh two tone pattern reminiscent of the formica customarily surround...

  2. Manny says:

    ThesisTurgid, dogmatic, overrated and well past its sell by.ProofAs Einstein exasperatedly said if Kant had only been able to stop pontificating about the nature of time and space, he might actually have discovered something interesting about them Einstein, with considerable justification, felt that he had refuted Kant, and was surprised to find that philosophers were reluctant to accept his claim To me, it seems clear cut Kant repeatedly tells us that time and space are not things but Eins ThesisTurgid, dogmatic, overrated and well past its sell by.ProofAs Einstein exasperatedly said if Kant had only been able to stop pontificating about the nature of time and space, he might actually have discovered something interesting about them Einstein, with considerable justification, felt that he had refuted Kant, and was surprised to find that philosophers were reluctant to accept his claim To me, it seems clear cut Kant repeatedly tells us that time and space are not things but Einstein s insight is that this is wrong Space time is, indeed, a thing that we can roughly conceptualize as a kind of invisible fluid in wh...

  3. Elena says:

    Reason should take on anew the most difficult of all its tasks, namely, that of self knowledge, and to institute a court of justice, by which reason may secure its rightful claims while dismissing all its groundless pretensions, and this not by mere decrees but according to its own eternal and unchangeable laws and this court is none other than the critique of pure reason itself Kant s critical turn shows that the problem of self knowledge, not metaphysics, is the true subject matter for Reason should take on anew the most difficult of all its tasks, namely, that of self knowledge, and to institute a court of justice, by which reason may secure its rightful claims while dismissing all its groundless pretensions, and this not by mere decrees but according to...

  4. G.R. Reader says:

    When I was about seven, my favorite movie was Chitty Chitty Bang Bang and Mom was dating this philosophy professor who was writing a book on Kant s Critique of Pure Reason One day, I asked him what it was about, and he told me it was just like Chitty It was a kind of magic car that I can still remember his words was able to drive on the roads of sensation, float on the water of concepts, and even fly above the sea of transcendental illusion And then he told me the whole story of Chitty When I was about seven, my favorite movie was Chitty Chitty Bang Bang and Mom was dating this philosophy professor who was writing a book on Kant s Critique of Pure Reason One day, I asked him what it was about, and he told me it was just like Chitty It was a kind of magic car that I can still remember his words was able to drive on the roads of sensation, float on the water of concepts, and even fly above the sea of transcendental illusion And then he told me the whole story of Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, with Kant replacing Caractacus Potts and the Critique replacing Chitty Truly Scrumptious was Modern Science, and Baron Bomburst was some philosopher I d never heard of who didn t like metaphysics We all sang the title song together with ...

  5. Charissa says:

    I just Kant stand him.Seriously though why does so much Western philosophy remind me of arguing about how many angels can dance on the head of a pin I swear, these gentlemen had their panties wrapped so tightly I don t know how they ever took a proper dump.The problem with Kant aside from how much he enjoyed listening to the sound of his own voice droning on and on is that he was irretrievably mired in a Christian world view, separate...

  6. Roy Lotz says:

    It is done I have finally scaled the sheer surface of this work It involved continual toil, sweat, and suffering falling down and picking myself up again But, when you reach the end, when your eyes finally hit the bottom of that final paragraph, the feeling is momentous You can stand and look down at the steep drop you managed to climb, and reflect with satisfaction that this mountain is one of the tallest This is an Everest of a book.That was melodramatic, but only a little The Critique o It is done I have finally scaled the sheer surface of this work It involved continual toil, sweat, and suffering falling down and picking myself up again But, when you reach the end, when your eyes finally hit the bottom of that final paragraph, the feeling is momentous You can stand and look down at the steep drop you managed to climb, and reflect with satisfaction that this mountain is one of the tallest This is an Everest of a book.That was melodramatic, but only a little The Critique of Pure Reason is tough, and requires some serious effort to get through Before attempting it, I would highly recommend first reading Kant s much shorter Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysic, in which he summarizes the essential points that are elaborated and proved in his opinion in this ...

  7. Nathan "N.R." Gaddis says:

    Kant s Critique of Pure Reason marks what isor less a beginning of philosophy It is no longer possible to go back behind his Copernican revolution, as if one could do philosophy without taking into account the subject or consciousness This turn toward subjectivity is only tightened with the Wittgensteinian and Heideggarian turns toward language Both naive empiricism Hume, Locke, etc and strict rationalism Leibniz, Wolff, etc are thoroughly overcome, synthesized if you will Of cours Kant s Critique of Pure Reason marks what isor less a beginning of philosophy It is no longer possible to go back behind his Copernican revolution, as if one could do philosophy without taking into account the subject or consciousness This turn toward subjectivity is only tightened with the Wittgensteinian and Heideggarian turns toward language Both naive empiricism Hume, Locke, etc and strict rationalism Leibniz, Wolff, etc are thoroughly overcome, synthesized if you will Of course there remain Plato and Aristotle whom we will never be without, but they belong in a sense to an earlier dispensation of thought And despite advan...

  8. kaelan says:

    Both frightfully obscure and logically scrupulous, Kant functions sort of like a philosophical litmus test Many a metaphysical charlatan Lacan, i ek, et al has aped his mystifying prose style without any attempt to match his rigour And meanwhile, the most provincial of the analytic camp, unduly equating abstruseness with bullshit, write him off as a mere historical oddity.But the truth of the matter is that the Critique Kant s magnum opus constitutes one of the most inventive, meticul Both frightfully obscure and logically scrupulous, Kant functions sort of like a philosophical litmus test Many a metaphysical charlatan Lacan, i ek, et al has aped his mystifying prose style without any attempt to match his rigour And meanwhile, the most provincial of the analytic camp, unduly equating abstruseness with bullshit, write him off as a mere historical oddity.But the truth of the matter is that the Critique Kant s magnum opus constitutes one of the most inventive, meticulous and edifying works of philosophical mind fuckery ever to be writ.In a nutshell, the Critique finds Kant arguing for the doctrine of transcendental idealism, which asserts that our knowledge of the world only extends to ...

  9. Maali says:

    , 840 , , 1781 300 , 840 , , 1781 300 300 , , , , , , , , , , , 840 1781 9

  10. Jenny Park says:

    immanuel kant is by farrrrr the world s most precise philosopher EVER haha. this text, like many philosophical texts out there was really dry. and um. long but there s definitely a reason why this one s regarded as one of the greatest philosophical pieces out there so the book s premise in a nutshell noone can argue FOR or AGAINST an afterlife God he also digs into the idea that our understanding of the world and our ideas are based not only on experience, but on a priori concept immanuel kant is by farrrrr the world s most precise ...

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